By Zaira Khalilova.
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Additional resources for A grammar of Khwarshi
The Present participle auxiliary can occur as the non-pharyngealized form gollu and the pharyngealized form g^ol_l_u3; note that in the last example the pharyngealization triggers palatalization. g. 1, labialization mostly occurs with uvular and velar consonants, and it can also occur with sibilant consonants in loan words (mostly Tindi loans). Labialization does not occur with bilabial consonants, resonants, pharyngeal /a/ and /\/, or glottal /h/. The labialized consonants can be found among dental consonants, but there are no instances of a labialized dental non-ejective /t/.
This can be evidence that there was a shift of default gender from the third to the forth gender. 3. Semantic analogy Another interesting factor is the assignment of gender by semantic analogy (Corbett 1991: 75), according to which the loanword takes the gender of a noun of similar meaning already in the language. 2 shows the assignment of borrowed words to the appropriate genders. Russian words end up in the gender where the original noun with the same meaning already exists.
E. in questions). g. g. dibir ‘mullah’. Long vowels are also absent in indigenous lexical words in closed syllables, but there is one exception e[Uu ‘hen’. g. g. CVB-EMPH’ Khwarshi does not have consonant clusters which occur at the end of the word, and neither are there intervocalic consonant clusters of CCC structure. The occurring consonant clusters are of CC structure which appear in the intervocalic position. g. c’indak’ ‘national socks’, Uorpa ‘soup’, mangal ‘sickle’, bicank’o ‘riddle’, nalbek ‘saucer’, gIrdaya ‘roll’, xIrdaya ‘snore’, bišandu ‘beard’, ahlu ‘family’, bušne ‘bread’, k’onU’i ‘baby donkey’, Uaqma ‘stupid’, armic ‘soldier’.