By Metin Basoglu

''Mass trauma occasions, akin to ordinary mess ups, battle and torture, have an effect on thousands of individuals each year. at the moment, there isn't any psychological future health care version with the aptitude to handle the mental wishes of survivors in a cheap manner. This ebook offers any such version, in addition to information on its implementation, making it helpful for either policy-makers and psychological overall healthiness execs. construction on extra than Read more...

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Extra info for A mental healthcare model for mass trauma survivors : control-focused behavioral treatment of earthquake, war, and torture trauma

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19 Part 1: Theory earthquakes that occur in the country. This response, however, began to change dramatically when the TV channels began to broadcast images of devastation in the disaster region at around noon the same day. , 1989). 0+) in the region, this time much closer to Istanbul. Although these seismologists emphasized that this earthquake could occur anytime in the next 30 years, many people perceived these predictions as a warning of an impending earthquake. , 1989; Smith and Bryant, 2000; Warda and Bryant, 1998).

The use of this strategy, however, is said to be dependent on an appraisal of the relative costs and benefits of avoidance behavior or the ‘cost-benefit ratio’ (Kavaliers and Choleris, 2001). In other words, avoidance has a survival value in animals as long as it does not interfere with feeding and mating opportunities. There is indeed evidence (Lima, 1998) to suggest that animals are prepared to take greater risks with predators when they are hungry. It has also been suggested that hunger might cause a transient decrease in post-traumatic stress (Cantor, 2005).

This is indeed one of the findings from our studies that inspired the idea of using an earthquake simulator in enhancing survivors’ resilience against the traumatic effects of earthquake tremors (see Chapter 4). , 1997) pointing to the protective role of psychological preparedness for trauma in torture survivors, this finding also suggests that immunization against traumatic stress is possible in humans through repeated exposures to a traumatic stressor, provided that such experience allows learning of control over the stressor event.

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