By editors, Cheryl J. Cherpitel ... [et al.]

The damaging use of alcohol is without doubt one of the major threat components to health and wellbeing. it's dependable every year for roughly 2.3 million untimely deaths world wide. accidents -- either accidental and intentional -- account for greater than a 3rd of the weight of sickness because of alcohol intake. those comprise accidents from street site visitors crashes, burns, poisoning, falls and drowning in addition to violence opposed to oneself or  Read more...

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More research is needed to better understand competing hypotheses for the relationship between acute alcohol consumption and violence. Variations in alcohol involvement across other modes of injury were found as well, with traffic crashes having higher RRs than other non-intentional injuries. Again, the situation in which people drink is an important consideration in the likelihood of injury occurrence. Driving a vehicle requires certain skills and can be a dangerous activity, which might explain the elevated risk found for drinking and traffic crashes.

Maclure M (1991). The case-crossover design: a method for studying transient effects on the risk of acute events. American Journal of Epidemiology 133, 144-153 Ogden EJ, Moskowitz H (2004). Effects of alcohol and other drugs on driver performance. Traffic Injury Prevention. 5:185-98. Olkkonen S, Honkanen R (1990). The role of alcohol in nonfatal bicycle injuries. Accident; analysis and prevention. 22, 89-96. Room R, Babor T, Rehm J (2005). Alcohol and public health. Lancet 365, 519-530. Skog OJ.

Future research should include an examination of a dose-response relationship for other injuries by cause or mode. 23 24 Alcohol and Injuries References Borges G et al. (1994). Casualties in Acapulco: results of a study on alcohol use and emergency room care. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 36, 1-7. Borges G, Cherpitel C, Mittleman M (2004a). Risk of injury after alcohol consumption: a case-crossover study in the emergency department. Social Science and Medicine 58, 1191-1200. Borges G et al. (2004b).

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