By H.W. Magoun, L. Marshall

A heritage of the way neural, behavioural and communicative subdisciplines coalesced in neuroscience to create a promising method of knowing the relation of brain to mind. It chronicles the growth of trendy centres of study and the advance of leading edge equipment and ideas.

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This was elaborated in his “Anatomy of the nervous system of Rana pipiens” (1853), in which his earlier penchant for dissecting bullfrogs finally found scientific expression. With admirable logic, he wondered about the function of the frog’s undeveloped cerebellum and reasoned that contrary to the theory of Gall and Spurzheim the cerebellum in frog is not the seat of the sexual instinct. Vertebrate and Invertebrate Differentiation Turning to the relations between vertebrates and invertebrates, Wyman believed that in spite of frequent attempts to homologize the nervous system of vertebrates with articulates, there were serious contradictions.

P. 83). 13 Most recently, Richard D. Walter has published a superlative “medical biography,” S. Weir Mitchell – Neurologist (1970) in which this material is presented in full elaboration. 26 American Neuroscience in the Twentieth Century Another such incident was recounted by Webb Haymaker (1970b, p. 482): Some of Mitchell’s ideas strike knowledgeable psychiatrists today as very sound. But sometimes he resorted to strange diagnostic measures in functional illnesses … . As consultant to a lady considered sick unto death, he once sent all assistants and attendants out of the room, then soon emerged himself.

Representative to the internationally organized Commission on Brain Sciences and in 1912 the Institute of Neurological Sciences was established at the University of Pennsylvania. Fig. 3. Turner’s Lane Military Hospital, Philadelphia, shown in 1862, was the first in the United States to specialize in diagnosis and treatment of nervous system disorders. From Burr, 1929, facing p. 105. Prodromal Nineteenth-Century Developments 21 A Question of Race At Philadelphia, the counterpart of Boston’s Jeffries Wyman was Joseph Leidy (1823–1891).

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