By Valeria Cinaglia

In Aristotle and Menander at the Ethics of Understanding, Valeria Cinaglia deals a parallel research of Menander's New Comedy and Aristotle's philosophy targeting topics starting from epistemology and psychology to ethics. Cinaglia doesn't goal to illustrate the direct philosophical effect of Aristotle on Menander, yet explores the speculation that there are major analogies among the 2 that divulge a shared thought-world. Cinaglia exhibits that Aristotle and Menander supply analogous perspectives of how that perceptions and emotional responses to events are associated with the presence or absence of moral and cognitive knowing, or the kingdom of moral personality improvement: the examine of those analogies contributes to a deeper realizing of either frameworks concerned.

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Therefore, Habrotonon is vital to the plot because: i) “Without her knowledge of Pamphile’s rape, the other characters would have only known that the ring had once been Charisios’”44 and the discovery of the identities of the child and his parents would have not taken place; ii) her lively mind examines pieces of evidence and confirms them with a trustworthy account leading to the true version of the story and reconciliation of Charisios and Pamphile. The anagnorisis of Pamphile’s and Charisios’ child and the identity of its parents are topics that are presented and discussed throughout the whole play.

The woman, however, casts doubt on the reliability 15 16 17 See Katsouris 1976; Ireland 1983 and Zagagi 1994, especially pp. 83–93. Men. Epitr. 386–390. Men. Epitr. 446–457. 18 In the Aspis, we find another example of a case of recognition based on tokens that turn out not to be trustworthy. There again, tokens are shown to be misleading elements for proving someone’s identity. At the beginning of the comedy, a slave, Daos, tells Smikrines (the greedy uncle of Daos’ master Kleostratos) that Kleostratos is dead and he gives Smikrines an account of how it happened.

Men. Epitr. 386–390. Men. Epitr. 446–457. 18 In the Aspis, we find another example of a case of recognition based on tokens that turn out not to be trustworthy. There again, tokens are shown to be misleading elements for proving someone’s identity. At the beginning of the comedy, a slave, Daos, tells Smikrines (the greedy uncle of Daos’ master Kleostratos) that Kleostratos is dead and he gives Smikrines an account of how it happened. However, this account does not seem to be completely trustworthy: Kleostratos is a soldier and he was supposed to have died during an assault made on his camp.

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