By Hans Arens

This quantity encompasses a fragment from Aristotle’s Peri Hermeneias [16a1–17a7], with a translation into English and a statement. This fragment is important to the certainty of Aristotle’s considering language. it truly is through (translations of) commentaries on Aristotle’s textual content by means of students among 500 and 1750, displaying how his textual content used to be perceived over the years. The commentaries are via Ammonius, Boethius, Abelaerd, Albertus Magnus, Thomas Acquinas, Martinus de Dacia, Johannes a S. Thoma, and James Harris. each one observation is in flip commented upon through the compiler of this quantity.

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Then the function of the rhema is determined (while that of the onoma was omitted) and is at once repeated in 19, and in the same words. If in 17 Minio-Paluello decides for instead of I can see no rea­ son for adding the and omitting the nor does instead of make any difference. But the omission of which is discussed by all the commentators, is scarcely justifiable. "is the sign", that is: signifies. The rhema signifies what is said of another (person or thing), and does so always, which is repeated in 19; that means that the rhema is always predicate.

So it is clear that here he says: "The onoma and rhema, the negation, affirmation etc. e. " A pathema (like its Latin equivalent passio) is something passive: a suffering, emotion or affection as well as what happens to you or what you experience. Plato, in the Respublica, speaks of those four (511D, that is: understanding, thinking, believing, and guessing, not so much four different mental activities as four states or processes caused in the mind. Here it is best called an impression from the outside, which, seen from the inside, is an imagination or a concept: this is the exact word, for 'conceive' is 'receive' or 'get pregnant' and also 'form in the mind', 'think', and 'concept' is the thing conceived as well as the notion.

Ammonius calls it 'proskategorumenon' (predicated additionally), which I tentatively render with 'compredicate' and his translator William of Moerbeke simply leaves out. Because of that mod­ el sentence I think that it should read " (the word ànthrōpos and the word leukös). That T) In Categoriae 4 the examples for unconnected words are also: man, white, runs, conquers. COMMENTARY TO ARISTOTLE 35 indeed he calls the adjective a rhema here is proved by 20a 31f, where he calls 'non-man' and 'not-just' infinite onoma and rhema and 20b 1, where he says:"If onoma and rhe­ ma change places, they signify the same" (instead of "the sentence signifies the same"), "for instance .

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