By Ronald B. Tobias

If the country's authentic mascot is an eagle, then its unofficial mascot is the elephant. whereas the eagle soars above the pinnacle of the kingdom from a dispassionate distance, the elephant stands along with his ft at the flooring with least difficult of wretches and the main strong of fellows. the 1st elephant arrived aboard send slightly two decades after the signing of the announcement of Independence. He toured the previous colonies taking walks from Maine to Georgia, showing in entrance of a barn or a tavern, hidden through a canvas curtain, the place humans flocked to determine him, paying the admission cost in funds, rum, or potatoes. Then they went domestic and instructed their neighbors and acquaintances, i've got noticeable the elephant. seeing that then, the elephant has turn into an extraordinary image within the American mind's eye and an immense determine in our pop culture. because the variety of elephants grew within the early 1800s, they ventured onto the frontier, and traveled to each nation, territory, and ownership within the Union. They labored clearing the land through pulling stumps, laid ties for brand new railroads, and hauled shipment in shipyards. In 1849, an elephant crossed the Rockies looking for gold in California. The elephant turned an emblem of the horrors of the battlefield through the Civil warfare, and the emancipation of slaves grew to become Lincoln's elephant. simply whilst pleasure over the elephant started to wane, P.T. Barnum began to comprise them in his touring caravans towards the flip of the century. quickly, elephants have been acting Shakespeare and enjoying baseball, profitable over the yankee public with their enforcing but mild demeanour. In 1884, the recognized Jumbo, whose identify lives on in our day-by-day lexicon, stored the Brooklyn Bridge from cave in. Elephants resumed their position in our tradition, from Thomas Edison's well-known electrocution of terrible Topsy to the CIA's LSD-dropping Tusko within the Nineteen Sixties, from D.C.'s political animals to Hollywood's big stars. In Behemoth, Ronald B. Tobias, a average historian and filmmaker, has written the 1st and purely finished background of the elephant in the USA. He strains the elephant from its first steps on our shorelines to its indelible footprint on our nationwide tradition, taking pictures our mind's eye and paralleling our personal pleasure and soreness. Interspersed all through this full of life and interesting chronicle are dozens of illustrations, posters, and information articles from the eighteenth century during the current, underlining the energy of elephant as a permanent image of the yank adventure.

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Extra resources for Behemoth: The History of the Elephant in America

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Hippocratic medicine thus validated male domination in its assertion that women’s health depended on the sexual services of their partners. Ancient men’s fear of women—capped by the nightmarish belief that in losing bodily heat and vigor one could for all intents and purposes become a woman—explains the seriousness with which they regarded displays of virility. There was accordingly no shortage of advice for the man concerned about his flagging sexual abilities. The sheer volume of material devoted to the discussions of how impotence could be cured dramatically demonstrates how preoccupying the Greeks and Romans found the issue.

It followed that narcotics that calmed and soothed his spirits could in effect unman him. Wives who sought to keep the affection of their husbands, women attempting to bind a lover to them, and enemies seeking to lull an opponent into complacency would, it was reported, use spells and narcotics to lessen a man’s anger and thus his potency. Plutarch warned women against using love potions and magic on their spouses. 32 12 chapter one Commentators attributed most common forms of impotence to the bodily failures associated with either old age or youth.

He asserted that the age of procreation for men ended at seventy and for women at fifty. The semen of the elderly was less concocted. The Greek poet Antiphanes drew the moral that one had to enjoy life when young. ” 33 The Greeks and Romans cruelly joked about the incapacities of the elderly. 204–209) coolly captured the sexual frustrations that often accompanied aging. For intercourse is already long distant in memory; Or should you try, your tool lies small and vessel-swollen. And although it be stroked all through the night, It will lie unresponsive.

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