By Jennifer Wilcox
This e-book techniques the power technology sub-field carbon seize with an interdisciplinary dialogue dependent upon primary chemical strategies starting from thermodynamics, combustion, kinetics, mass move, fabric homes, and the connection among the chemistry and means of carbon trap applied sciences. power technology itself is a large box that spans many disciplines -- coverage, arithmetic, actual chemistry, chemical engineering, geology, fabrics technology and mineralogy -- and the writer has chosen the cloth, in addition to end-of-chapter difficulties and coverage discussions, that supply the mandatory instruments to students.
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Extra info for Carbon Capture
6) in which Q and W may be positive or negative with the sign indicating the direction of energy flow. Examples of energies include internal energy, kinetic energy, and potential energy. The internal energy is comprised of the molecular energies within a given system, more specifically these include the energy contributions from the translational, vibrational, and rotational degrees of freedom within a molecule. Kinetic energy can be expressed as 21 mv2 , where m is the mass of a moving object and v is its velocity.
Department of Energy (DOE), Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge; (b) Metz B (2005) IPCC special report on carbon dioxide capture and storage. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p 431; (c) IEAGHG (2008) Global IEA GHG CO2 Emissions Database. IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme, Cheltenham 16. Rubin ES, Mantripragada H, Marks A, Versteeg P, Kitchin J (2011) The outlook for improved carbon capture technology. Prog Energy Combust Sci (in press) 17.
4) A global reaction is one that is comprised of a series of elementary reactions, which are reactions that proceed as they are written. 1) is not elementary since the formation of gas-phase CO2 in this case would involve a series of elementary steps such as O2 adsorption, O2 bond stretching, CO bond forming, etc. At the high temperatures of coal combustion, a dominating reaction is heterogeneous carbon oxidation to the formation of CO, followed by homogeneous CO oxidation by O2 to CO2 . S. is powered by coal-fired steam power plants.