By Gabriele Marasco
A finished research of Greek and Latin historiography from Constantine to the tip of the 6th century advert. It goals to ascertain the advance of overdue old historiography, stressing the family among pagan and Christian historians, their polemics, and their usually missed agreements.
By J. Hoftijzer
The North-West Semitic epigraphic contributes significantly to our figuring out of the previous testomony and of the Ugaritic texts and to our wisdom of the North-West Semitic languages as such. This dictionary in volumes is anxious with the North-West Semitic fabric present in inscriptions, papyri and ostraca in Phoenician, Punic, Hebrew, a variety of sorts of Aramaic, Ammonite, Edomite, the language of Deir Alla et cetera. the fabric covers the interval from ca. one thousand B.C. to ca. three hundred A.D. in addition to translations the entries comprise discussions and entire references to scholarly literature. The publication is a translated, up to date and significantly augmented variation of Jean & Hoftijzer, Dictionnaire des inscriptions semitiques de l'ouest. The additions difficulty newly stumbled on texts in addition to references to new scholarly literature. The ebook is an crucial instrument for learn in North-West Semitic epigraphy, at the outdated testomony and on Ugaritic texts, and for Semitic linguistics.
By Walter Pohl, Ian Wood, Helmut Reimitz
Within the technique of the transformation of the Roman global, the idea of frontiers, but in addition their topography replaced. inside and past the outdated Roman empire, new frontiers have been demonstrated. This quantity explores their which means and their impression. 3 contributions speak about Roman frontiers and their belief in overdue antiguity, demonstrating that they weren't easily defence strains, but in addition a foundation for offensive operations, a spotlight in eleborate alternate networks and a way of inner keep an eye on. The frontiers of early medieval kingdoms are the subjects of a number of papers, of which suggest theorectial medels for an knowing of the area and frontier, of liminality and centrality, wheras othersanalyse the development, but in addition within the context of conversion and missions. It turns into transparent that the transformation of frontiers was once now not a linear strategy during which the imperial frontiers have been deserted and the technique of controlling them declined, and the hot kningdoms progressively controlled to outline their frontiers. really, the measure to which keep watch over was once validated on liminal activities trusted particular situations and can't be generalized.
By Kash L. Mittal
This publication files the complaints of the Second foreign Symposium on Adhesion size of flicks and Coatings, held in Newark, NJ, October 25-27, 1999. because the First Symposium (Boston 1992) there were enormous task in devising new, extra trustworthy and extra effective how one can degree adhesion of flicks and coatings, which led to the choice to arrange the Newark Symposium. movies and coatings are used for numerous reasons Гўв‚¬вЂњ practical, ornamental, protecting, and so on. Гўв‚¬вЂњ in a number of purposes. without reference to the aim or software of a movie or a coating, their enough adhesion to the underlying substrates is of paramount value. Concomitantly, the necessity to increase innovations for quantitative evaluation of adhesion of movies and coatings is all too visible. This quantity encompasses a overall of 20 papers, that have all been conscientiously peer reviewed and definitely converted ahead of inclusion. the subjects contain: size and research of interface adhesion; relative adhesion dimension for skinny movie buildings; adhesion checking out of demanding coatings via a number of suggestions; demanding situations and new instructions in scratch adhesion checking out of lined substrates; software of scratch try out to diverse motion pictures and coatings; assessment of coating-substrate adhesion by way of indentation experiments; size of interfacial fracture strength in multifilm functions; laser brought on decohesion spectroscopy (LIDS) for measuring adhesion; pulsed laser process for review of adhesion; blade adhesion try out; JKR adhesion attempt; coefficient of thermal growth dimension; and residual stresses in diamond motion pictures. This quantity, offering the newest details, should be of serious price and curiosity to an individual operating within the sector of adhesion size of movies and coatings.
By Rebecca Yaker
Rebecca Yaker, co-author of the best-selling One-Yard Wonders, deals this entire creation to creating your personal curtains, overlaying every little thing from measuring to calculating yardage, choosing the easiest materials, stitching your curtains, including linings, and choosing the best furniture and for hanging. She contains step by step directions for making 5 diverse curtain types: pleats, eyelets, tab tops, tie tops, and rod pockets.
By N. G. Ushakov, Nikolai G. Ushakov
The sequence is dedicated to the ebook of high-level monographs and surveys which disguise the full spectrum of likelihood and facts. The books of the sequence are addressed to either specialists and complex scholars
By Camilla Adang
Muslim Writers on Judaism and the Hebrew Bible offers with the best way Judaism and its holy scriptures have been seen by way of 9 medieval Muslim writers representing diversified genres of Arabic literature: Ibn Rabban al-ṭabarī, Ibn Qutayba, al-Ya'qūbī, Abū Ja'far al-ṭabarī, al-Mas'ūdī, al-Maqdisī, al-Bāqillānī, al-Bīrūnī and Ibn ḥazm. After an introductory bankruptcy at the reception of Biblical fabrics in early Islam and a presentation of the authors below assessment, the ebook specializes in their wisdom of Judaism and the textual content of the Hebrew Bible, and for that reason discusses concerns often debated among Muslims and Jews, particularly, the declare that the Torah includes references to Muḥammad, and the statement that the Torah has been either abrogated and falsified. within the appendix, texts via Ibn Qutayba and al-Maqdisī are provided for the 1st time in an English translation.
By Gabriel Reynolds
In 385 AH/AD 995 the Qadi 'Abd al-Jabbar, renowned for his Mu'tazili theological writings, wrote the affirmation of the Proofs of Prophecy, a piece that features a inventive polemic opposed to Christianity. 'Abd al-Jabbar reinterprets the Bible, Church heritage (especially the lives of Paul and Constantine) and Christian perform to argue that Christians replaced the Islamic faith of Jesus. the current paintings starts off with an exam of the arguable thought that this polemic was once borrowed from an unknown Judaeo-Christian staff. the writer argues that 'Abd al-Jabbar's polemic is healthier understood as a reaction to his specific milieu and the on-going inter-religious debates of the medieval Islamic global. by way of interpreting the lifestyles and regarded 'Abd al-Jabbar, besides the Islamic, Christian and Jewish antecedants to his polemic, the writer uncovers the intimate dating among sectarian controversy and the improvement of an Islamic doctrine on Christianity.
By Professor of Religion Jacob Neusner PhD
Every one Rabbinic record, from the Mishnah throughout the Bavli, defines itself through a different mixture of indicative features of rhetoric, subject, and specific common sense that governs its coherent discourse. yet narratives within the comparable canonical compilations don't agree to the documentary signs that govern in those compilations, respectively. They shape an anomaly for the documentary studying of the Rabbinic canon of the formative age. to take away that anomaly, this undertaking classifies the kinds and sorts of narratives and exhibits that specific files express particular personal tastes between these forms. This particular, systematic class of Rabbinic narrative offers those evidence about the category of narratives and their regularities:  what are the kinds and kinds of narrative in a given rfile?  how are those specific kinds and sorts of narrative disbursed around the canonical records of the formative age, the 1st six centuries C.E.? The solutions for the documentary personal tastes are in Volumes One via 3, for the Mishnah-Tosefta, the Tannaite Midrash-compilations, and Rabbah-Midrash-compilations, respectively. quantity 4 then units forth the documentary historical past of every of the kinds of Rabbinic narrative, together with the actual narrative, the ma'aseh and the mashal. How the qualities of different different types of narratives shift because the respective varieties flow from record to record is spelled out in entire element. This undertaking opens a wholly new street towards the documentary research of Rabbinic narrative. It fills out a huge bankruptcy within the documentary speculation of the Rabbinic canon within the formative age
By Amikam Elad
This article covers the holy websites of the Muslims in Jerusalem and the cermonies and pilgrimages to those areas through the early Muslim interval. it's principally in keeping with basic Arabic resources. Emphasis is given to the works of "Literature in compliment of Jerusalem", an immense resource for the background and topography of the town. The textual content encompasses a special description of the 1st recognized advisor for the Muslim pilgrim to Jerusalem, that dates from the eleventh century, and a supplementary dialogue of the 16th-century consultant. either courses are nonetheless in manuscript and feature by no means been released.